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Archive for the ‘Geographic Subdivision’ Category

Q.  So only the main LCSH needs to be able to be geographically subdivided, not all of the other subdivisions?

A.  You actually have to place the geographic subdivision outside all subd that can be subdivided geographically.  So you need to check all.  Usually there is only one |x and if it can’t be subdivided geographically, then place the |z immediately following the main LCSH.  If the |x can be subdivided geographically, then place the |z outside of it.

The best example of this is history. History used as a subdivision cannot be subd. geog.  So if you place a |z in the LCSH string, it has to come before the |x History.

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Q.  Can a geographic name be used that is assumed to be the same place if there is no established LCSH subdivision for the place as it is described in the TOC?

A.  Yes, you can use a geographic place name as the subject of the book. Make sure you are searching it as a Geographic Name in Connexion.  If you are using a geographic place name as a subdivision, you also search it as a geographic name. Look for the 781 tag in the AF record and that is how you will use it in your record.  In all cases you must find the established heading for the place name. Use the 151 tag if it is the main LCSH. use the 781 tag if it is a geographic subdivision.

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Q. Can there be more than one geographical (651) heading for a title? I mean, the same geographical location, but with different subdivisions. Q. What if the book covers one place, but we can’t fit all of the subdivisions for the place in one heading?

A. You cannot add more than one place to any given LCSH. If the book covers multiple places and the place aspect is important, then you will have multiple LCSH. For example, Education |z Indiana. if the book is also about Education in Ohio, then you would add Education |z Ohio. To answer your first question, if the main LCSH is a geog. place, yes, you can add different subdivisions. Again, the AF must read that the subd. can be used with a place. So before you add social conditions to the 651 _0 United States, you must read the scope note for social conditions. Again, I only say this if it not already established as such.

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Q. Is there a limit to how many subdivisions we can have in one heading?

A. There is a limit in terms of making sure they work with the main LCSH. Generally, you will have a main LCSH and one topical, one geog. and one form if necessary. You can have a main LCSH and totally different subdivisions.

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Q. Is it okay to stick with an LCSH even if it can’t be divided geographically?

A. Yes, it is perfectly fine. Not all LCSH can be subdivided geographically and if it is a good subject heading for the item then you would probably use it and try to bring out the place concept with another LCSH.

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Q. Is it okay to stick with an LCSH even if it can’t be divided geographically?

A. Yes. Not all can be and if it is a good subject heading for the item then you would probably want to use it and try to bring out the place concept with another LCSH.

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Q. In general, a subdivision (if not already established) is created in the same way a subject heading is, right? Just searching for terms that describe the work. And can we add subdivisions to any subject heading as long as the scope notes say it’s okay?

A. Right.

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